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Category: Narratives

Textual narratives explaining key concepts and specific subjects. Cascading from general to specific, eventually they will include variously concept summaries, subject summaries and geographic summaries.

The Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition

The Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition (IPAN) is focused on reducing the rates of chronic disease through research excellence in nutrition and physical activity. It is hosted by Deakin University, Victoria.

“IPAN is a multi-disciplinary research institute focused on understanding – and influencing – physical activity and nutrition to improve health across the lifespan.​

“Our research spans from the lab to real world settings. We conduct metabolism, physiology, clinical and behavioural studies, and community and population-based research.​”

Visit the IPAN website

IPAN research covers four research domains, one joint department and a research centre.

Research domains

Biology of health and disease
The overarching aim of research in this domain is to characterise and understand the biological mechanisms by which exercise and nutrition impact health. Research in this domain includes healthy and clinical populations across the lifespan – from growth in the womb to ageing.

Healthy active living​
This domain focuses on real-world solutions to increase population levels of physical activity and consists of three research groups; Physical activity and sedentary behaviour from infancy to young adulthood; Built and natural environments for healthy living​; and Worker health and stress.​

Preventing and managing chronic conditions
The focus of this research is the development, implementation, evaluation and translation of lifestyle-based solutions for the prevention and management of chronic diseases . This includes cardio-metabolic and musculo-skeletal-related conditions, brain, cognitive and mood-related disorders, and cancer. ​

Food, nutrition and health
Unhealthy diets are the leading contributor to the global burden of disease and research in this domain includes developing and evaluating interventions and translating research into policy and practice.

Baker-Deakin Department of Lifestyle and Diabetes

A collaborative partnership between the Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute and PAN, the Baker-Deakin Department of Lifestyle and Diabetes has been established to advance research into one of the greatest health challenges of our time – the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes.

The Department focuses on developing evidence-based lifestyle approaches to address the growing prevalence of type 2 diabetes, drawing on shared interests in physical activity, sedentary behaviour, nutrition and chronic disease management research.

The Centre for Sport Research

The Centre (CSR) is focused on influencing practice in sport to enhance the health and performance of people and organisations participating in sports. CSR researchers are experts in sport, exercise and health.


Review Status: Pending

Vic/Tas launch of PaRC – 9 June 2023

A public launch of Parks and Recreation Collection was a feature of the Vic/Tas regional conference of Parks and Leisure Australia, held at Healesville on 8, 9 June 2023. Thanks to Regional President Dan Ferguson for facilitating.

Address by PaRC Secretary Geoff Edwards offers a situation report on PaRC:

Preamble, Flyer and Scope of Accessions

Form for expressing interest – a call for volunteers of time and documents.


PaRC is a tool for anyone in Australasia involved in parks, open space or leisure – we look forward to comparable showcasing in the other States.


Review Status: Pending

Anne Binkley – Bridging international boundaries

Dr. Anne Binkley has more than 50 years of experience in the field of parks and recreation including experience in academic, therapeutic, military, public, commercial and voluntary settings in Australia, the United States and Korea. She started her career as a Service Club Director for Army Special Services in Korea and ended as the Coordinator of Graduate Programs in Ageing, Disability and Recreation Management and Co-Manager of International Programs for the School of Human Movement, Recreation and Performance at Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia.

Dr. Anne L. Binkley

Doctorate in Recreation, Indiana University, 1980

Master of Science, Leisure Services and Studies, Florida State University, 1976

Recipient of the William J. Tait Award for Outstanding Graduate Student

Bachelor of Arts, Government, Indiana University, 1966 – Graduation with Distinction


Anne has written numerous articles and been a frequent presenter at local, state, national and international conferences. Her research interests have included cross-cultural studies of ageing and leisure in which she has done fieldwork in the Caribbean, Egypt and China. In later years, her major focus has been on Ageing Well which led to her position as Principal Officer for the Australian arm of the 16-country International Research Project on Ageing Well. She has also served as an Associate Editor of Leisure Sciences and the Therapeutic Recreation Journal and Co-Editor for the refereed section of the International Federation of Park and Recreation’s IFPRA World. As a member of the Editorial Committee for Australian Parks & Leisure, she was involved in the process of finalising a refereed section. In addition, she has served as the Research Update Editor for the American publication Parks & Recreation and Research Review Editor for both Australian Parks & Leisure and Australian Parks & Recreation – a feature she established in both Australian publications.


Dr. Binkley’s presentation highlights include speaking at the World Congresses of the International Federation of Park and Recreation Administration (IFPRA), the International Therapeutic Recreation Symposium, the International Alzheimer’s Conference and the Australian Gerontological Association. In addition she was selected to give the inaugural “Dr. Janet R. MacLean Seminar on Ageing and Leisure” and the keynote addresses at the Horticulture Therapy State Conference and the Improving Physical and Sport Education for Students with Disabilities State Conference. She also served as a convenor at the First International Urban Parks and Waterways Best Practice Conference and as Program Chair of the Joint Inaugural Parks and Leisure Australia Conference/18th IFPRA World Conference.


A strong commitment to the growth and enhancement of the recreation and parks profession has always been a hallmark of Anne’s career as demonstrated by her extensive involvement in professional associations at the local, state, national and international levels. Highlights of this involvement include serving as a World Commissioner for the IFPRA, National Councillor and President of the Victorian Region of the Royal Australian Institute of Parks and Recreation, Member of the Board of Directors of the Society of Park and Recreation Educators and President of the Arizona Parks and Recreation Association.


In addition to her professional work, she has been very involved in women’s issues and associations.  She has served as the President of the Victoria Region of Soroptimist International and as President of the Melbourne Club of Soroptimist International.  She also served as Chair of the UNAA Victoria Committee for the Status of Women.


In recognition of her professional achievements and contributions, Parks and Leisure Australia bestowed on her its highest honour, the Frank Stewart Award, along with the title of Fellow, and Indiana University has selected her as the recipient of both the Garrett G. Epply and Dean W.W. Patty Distinguished Alumni Awards.


Anne Binkley was appointed a Trustee of the AIPR Trust Fund – Education in 1999 and retired on 31 December 2022, having supported the birth and evolution of PaRC from its inception. PaRC salutes her!



Dr Binkley has supplied a list of publications and conference presentations. It runs to 12 pages!




Review Status: Pending

Kenneth Trafford – Lifelong service to horticulture, parks and recreation

    Ken Trafford studiously at work

Kenneth Trafford held a keen interest in horticulture from his very early teens. He studied horticulture at Burnley Horticulture College Melbourne. He secured employment in Essendon City Council’s parks department. In December 1955 he was appointed as Superintendent Parks and Gardens,Toowoomba City Council, Queensland. He resigned in December 1965 to return to Melbourne. He was appointed Superintendent Parks and Gardens, City of Sunshine, later to become Director of Parks, Gardens and Recreation.

He was appointed as a member representing trade apprentices on the Victorian Employers Committee and served as President for a number of years until his retirement from all positions in 1990.

Ken spent a number of years teaching with the Adult Education System.

Institute service

Ken Trafford became a member of the Royal Australian Institute of Parks and Recreation in the early sixties. He took an active role in the Victorian division for many years, serving as its President for two years. He was elected as a Federal Councillor and its President in 1982/83.

Ken was granted the following awards within the Institute:

Associate membership 30-9-1972

Fellow of the Institute 15-4-1984

Honorary Life Member 17-10-1989

Certificate of Recognition 30-1-1988 for “the contribution to the Australian Parks and Recreation Industry through services as President of the Institute from 1982 to 1983.”

Parks and Leisure Australia Honorary Life Fellow 1-7-1988.

PaRC service

On 17 September 1987 Ken was appointed as a Trustee of the Australian Institute of Parks and Recreation Trust Fund – Education, a position held until 31 December 2022. This 35 years of service alone would earn Ken a place in any parks and recreation Hall of Fame! Ken was one of the four Trustees who endorsed the concept behind PaRC and supported it unstintingly it during the more than five years it took to evolve.

Kenneth Trafford has given a lifetime of service to the parks, horticulture and leisure sector. On top of all that he has a generous heart. PaRC salutes him!


Review Status: Pending

Budding playwrights note: Script review service

For budding and experienced writers, the Victorian Drama League (VDL – offers a service of reviewing and critiquing original scripts by local and Australian playwrights. Original scripts can be submitted for review by a playreading committee with feedback provided to the playwright.

There is a small charge of $30 (members) or $40 (non-members) for this service.

Please read the Guidelines for Script Critique and Script Format Guide before submitting a Script Critique Enquiry via the VDL website.



(03) 9663 4222 –
Ist Floor Ross House, 247 Flinders Lane, Melbourne
Open Monday, Wednesday and Friday, 10am-3pm. Please phone or email ahead to make an appointment.

Limited shelf space means the VDL library can no longer accept hard copies of local playwrights’ work. However, if deemed suitable, the script can be added to our online script catalogue along with contact details for prospective readers and companies.

Review Status: Pending

Urban Horticulture Lecturers – Your advice is needed, improve on 1985!

One of the objectives of PaRC is to make available course notes and curricula for teachers in parks and leisure subjects at all levels, from primary to postgraduate. We appeal to teachers, tutors and lecturers to send us materials which are either out of copyright or can be published under Creative Commons conditions with copyright approval.


The attached proposal dated 1985 for a course in urban horticulture has been found in the archives and no doubt describes only one of many related courses that are now or have been presented in one state or another. We don’t pretend that it is a reliable guide to modern education in this field. We publish it here by way of a challenge to teachers and lecturers to send us better material!

This paper has been scanned and edited to de-identify the name of the institution concerned and the personnel.


Review Status: Pending

Werribee Park and Point Cook Visitor Leaflets

PaRC does not usually save ephemera, such as visitor leaflets, but we have come across a batch of material from the pre-digitisation era and have decided to post them here as part of the historical record. However, readers are urged not to rely upon the information here without checking against modern material.

Point Cook leaflet

A compilation of visitor materials including trail guides and teachers’ materials (compressed to reduce download time at the expense of resolution). Readers who can demonstrate a need to have the original scanned file at 41.8 MB should contact PaRC). (to come)

Review Status: Pending

Papua New Guinea – Sogeri SingSing and Mosbi Show 1987

PaRC does not normally showcase ephemera such as event brochures, but we make an exception for these two guides to significant cultural events, found in our archives.

The guide to the Port Moresby Show 1987 (16.1MB) interestingly includes advertisements for tobacco products.


The guide to the Sogeri SingSing 1987 (10MB) presents brief explanations of dances from the provinces.


Review Status: Pending

Trevor Arthur – forester, parks manager, innovator, professional body stalwart, 1925-2009

Building the foundations of our parks system

Trevor Elsbury Arthur, who died on 15 November 2009, played a pivotal role in the development of Victoria’s parks system and in the founding of the two parks organisations that merged in 1996 to form Parks Victoria.


Born in 1925, Trevor was a bright student and won a scholarship to Melbourne High School. World War Two began and as soon as he was old enough he joined the RAAF and trained as a fighter pilot. After qualification, he was scheduled to go to Canada for further training when the war ended. He accepted a place at Creswick Forestry School and after graduating with an Associate Diploma Forestry in 1948 second top of his class, he was offered a scholarship to Melbourne University. His first posting after attaining his degree of B.Sc.For. in 1952 was with the Forests Commission Victoria at the Wimmera Forest Nursery at Wail close to Dimboola. He was appointed Officer in Charge of the nursery and Dimboola Forest District. In 1960 he completed units of further study in landscape design, park planning practice and architecture.


After a stint as Aboriculturalist in the Commonwealth Department of Works, charged with giving advice to various government organisations on design and management of vegetated areas, he was appointed in 1962 as Technical Officer in the fledgling National Parks Authority, successor to John Landy (a scientist and athlete, later Governor of Victoria). By the end of the 1960s the head office staff, including Trevor as Chief Technical Officer (2IC) and Technical Officers Bob Yorston, Colin Hutchinson and Don Saunders (later Director), numbered around 10 – about at the same as the number of park rangers across the state. In 1976 he completed a postgraduate course ‘Introduction to Park Operations’ conducted by the USA National Park Service at Grand Canyon.


The principles for managing Victoria’s national parks were established in those years. The twin objectives of nature conservation and recreation were crystallised through such functions as training the Rangers inherited from the Crown Lands committees of management, publishing interpretative guides and site-sensitive design of infrastructure and facilities. Proposals for non-sensitive road standards by the Country Roads Board were stared down, and pressures to open parks for commercial development were resisted. A policy of destroying non-native pests was embedded and fire management regimes endeavoured to reconcile property protection with ecological principles.


They were also years without remotely adequate budgets and without any previous professional parks corps from which to draw expertise. If a sign had to be erected at Cape Everard or a pit toilet dug at Glenaladale, as often as not it was head office staff who had to do it. Trevor was always prepared to roll up the sleeves and do what had to be done to support the frontline outdoor work.


He took conservation very seriously. In 1971 a journalist from The Age newspaper approached him with an idea of featuring the Arthur family for a week to raise awareness in the community about conservation. The series of articles was called ‘The Earth and Trevor Arthur’ and featured concerns Trevor was already advising would be problematic to future generations such resource consumption, pollution, population growth and the need to recycle materials. Into the 2000s he was greatly distressed that the nation’s leadership still did not take many of these issues seriously enough. In many of these issues he was 30 years or more ahead of official thinking.


In 1974 he was recruited by Chairman Alan Croxford as the inaugural Manager of Metropolitan Parks with the Melbourne and Metropolitan Board of Works. The metropolitan parks included Jells Park on Dandenong Creek, Westerfolds Park and Petty’s Orchard on the Yarra River and Brimbank Park on the Maribyrnong River. Public buyback of parklands designated in the planning scheme and the 1971 Interim Development Order as Proposed Public Open Space made it easier to control incompatible private development, and allowed the construction of public access venues such as a children’s farm and a model grazing property, as well as bush regeneration. Again, Trevor was instrumental in setting the policies by which these parks are managed to this day.


He retired from the Board’s service in 1986 and for a short period was Senior Planning Consultant, Hassell Planning Consultants, then from 1987 managed his own consultancy firm.


Trevor was an inveterate international traveller. In May 1999 he calculated that since 1967 he had made eighteen overseas visits to countries in Asia, North America, Europe and Africa visiting hundreds of parks and recreation facilities.


Before and after retirement he was immensely active in the voluntary environmental sector. His roles and awards include:


National Trust of Australia (Victoria) – from 1966 a member of the Landscape Committee, including Chairman for a period; inaugural Chairman of the Significant Trees Committee; granted Life Membership in 2009, in recognition of more than 40 years’ voluntary service.


Royal Australian Institute of Parks and Recreation – invested as a Fellow in 1960; member, past Treasurer and past President of Victorian Regional Council of RAIPR, 1970 -1997; invested with the Australian Award in Park and Recreation Administration in 1986; Trustee of the Trust Fund-Education that gave rise to the PaRC websites from 1987 and chairman for a period until his death in 2009; in 1991 invested as an Honorary Life Fellow.


International Federation of Parks and Recreation Administration – member from 1975; appointed by RAIPR as Australia’s Commissioner to the Asia-Pacific region chapter, 1986-1992; Chairman, IFPRA Statutes Committee, 1989 – 1998; Secretary, IFPRA Asia Pacific Region, 1989–1992; Chairman, IFPRA Asia Pacific Region, 1992-1993; Immediate Past Chairman, 1993-1996; in 1995 invested with Honorary Life Membership.


Ornamental Plant Conservation Association of Australia – Treasurer from 1986 and in 1999 invested as an Honorary Life Member.


Burnley Horticultural College – Education Fund; member of Advisory Committee, 1980-1983.


He was a member of the Panel of Judges for Royal Park Master Plan (Melbourne City Council) 1985 and Chairman of Outdoor Access for All Working Party (disabled persons access) 1981-1989. In 2004 his work in landscape management was acknowledged at the International Park Management Congress in Japan, where he received a Distinguished Contribution Award.


In 1974 Trevor lost his beloved wife Pat to cancer (they married in 1952), and in 1989 his elder son Graeme to a freak car accident. These setbacks, coupled with progressive loss of hearing and anguish at the anti-progressive policies of Victoria’s and the nation’s leaders, cast a shadow over his final years.


Trevor Arthur was a visionary conservationist, compassionate supporter of a number of charities both in Australia and overseas, a Friend of the ABC, a letter writer to and aficionado of The Age and a keen political observer. His family and associates will always remember him with admiration for all that he achieved, his integrity, resilience, compassion, work ethic and dedication to the public interest.


Trevor was a practical person who did not leave a large body of written work such as magazine articles, so his contribution to building the foundations of the state’s park system is not as obvious as it might otherwise have been. If you wish to enjoy his legacy, just visit the facilities at one of the Victorian parks and look around you.


Adapted from the eulogy delivered at his funeral in November 2009 by his daughter Gillian and an article in the Victoria National Parks Association Journal Park Watch, 1 March 2010 by his former colleague Geoff Edwards.

Review Status: Pending

David Aldous: educator, turf expert, all-round parks and recreation leader, 1946-2013

David Aldous began his career at Burnley (Victorian College of Agriculture and Horticulture/University of Melbourne) in 1981.

David had many strings to his academic bow: starting with a Wagga Diploma in Agriculture (Hons) from the now Charles Sturt University in 1966, and, after a year with NSW Department of Agriculture as an agronomist, gained a BSc (Hons) from the University of Sydney in 1971 and an MSc and a PhD from respectively Cornell University and University of Michigan State. Then followed an appointment as a Senior Lecturer in Environmental & Plant Health at Massey University in New Zealand in 1979 followed by one as a Principal Lecturer at  Burnley campus of the then Victorian College of Agriculture & Horticulture in 1981. Subsequently he gained a Graduate Diploma in Education Management from Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT) and a technical and further education (TAFE) Certificate IV in Training & Assessment, rising to Associate Professor at the University of Melbourne’s School of Land & Environment. His main contributions were teaching and research centred around sports turf, urban horticulture, parks management and therapeutic horticulture.

When he retired (or rather semi-retired) in 2007 to Queensland he became an Adjunct Associate Professor at the University of Queensland. In 2011 he was granted an Honorary Professorship by the University of South Africa.

He was a prolific researcher, educator and author. He was a speaker at many conferences in Australia and overseas, especially on his specialist topics of urban horticulture, green space sustainability, and sports grass/turf. Consequently, David was well known to many Australian ‘turfies’ and horticultural students as a lecturer at Burnley College (School of Land & Environment campus of the University of Melbourne), lecturing on the Certificate of Recreational Turf Management which he coordinated. The Certificate was a well-respected qualification which eventually morphed into the Advanced Certificate, Diploma and Degree, advanced qualifications for which David was the driver.

David had the knack of enticing overseas researchers to take a sabbatical in Australia where they would collaborate with him in research projects. Over the years he hosted scientists such as Dr. David Huff (Poa annua and plant breeder), Dr. Brian Holl (soil microbiologist), Dr. John Haydu (turf industry economist), Dr. Sowmya Mitra (soil scientist specialising in wetting agents) and Dr. Kenneth Marcum (specialist in turfgrass salinity tolerance). Because of David’s enthusiasm for this ‘visiting scientists’ program it was an opportunity for several Australian turfgrass agronomists to be exposed to these researchers and to collaborate with them on research projects. Included in this work was the screening of a large bentgrass collection for salinity tolerance, assessment the effects of various herbicides on different Poa annua biotypes, studies of the effects of various bio-stimulants on soil microbial activity and the evaluation of some of PennState’s new Poa annua cultivars. These connections have been invaluable for many over the years when undertaking further research.

David was a great educator and would willingly tackle any turf-related topic. He had an appetite for researching the literature and becoming expert in many different fields. In addition, David was the consulting editor for the monthly international HortScience journal for 10 years.

The first National School in Park Management for professionals working in the sector was initiated by David in 1996, in collaboration with industry partners Parks Victoria and the City of Melbourne. From 1996 to 2007 David coordinated the National School each year. Together with his committee, he put together an intensive program that combined lectures and presentations with field visits and case study problem-solving activities.

David also helped develop and subsequently delivered annual Certificated Park Management training to the Singapore National Parks Board’s Centre for Urban Greenery & Ecology.

Away from the campus David was a very active member of the parks sector. He served across multiple industry professional associations, councils and committees and was a regular contributor to conferences and industry activities across Australia and internationally, particularly the Royal Australian Institute of Parks & Recreation (RAIPR) and subsequently Parks and Leisure Australia (PLA). For both he served on their regional/Victorian councils and conference organising committees. In 2005 he received PLA’s Frank Stewart Award 2005 “in recognition of significant innovation and best practice” in the parks and leisure sector.

In 1989 David became a Trustee of the AIPR Trust Fund – Education.

Since 2008 David had been the Chair of the International Society for Horticultural Science’s Commission on Education, Research, Training & Consultancy and was a member of the organising committee for the Society’s 2014 World Congress. David was part of the Australian contingent at the International Turfgrass Research Conference in Beijing China in 2013. At the conference he presented a paper on Durbangrass and publicised the 29th International Horticultural Congress that was to be held in Brisbane in August 2014.

David was an Australian Commissioner for the International Federation of Park and Recreation Administration (IFPRA), becoming its Asia-Pacific Chair and subsequently World President (1998-2001) and was also a member of its Science Task Force. He received its Australian Award for “leadership in the field of parks and recreation” in 1995 and, just days before his unexpected death, was the recipient of its Silver Medal at a joint conference between IFPRA and the Alberta Recreation and Park Association (ARPA) at Lake Louise, Alberta, Canada from 24-26 October 2013.

David collapsed at his home just a few hours after returning home from that Canadian trip. Despite being rushed to hospital, he passed away peacefully on Friday 1 November with his family at his side. He was 67.



David was a prolific writer, whether it was through a research paper, industry magazine article, conference proceedings or one of several books that he produced.

Here is a list he compiled of his earlier publications, as at 19 September 1989.


Review Status: Pending